CAMERON, Julia Margaret, née Pattle, British photographer, 1815-1879. Born in India, she married in 1838 and moved to England in 1848. Someone gave her a camera when she was 40 years old. During 1870 she discovered the use of long exposures for portraits, and got spectacular effects. Julia used a large-format camera, wet plates, and exposures of minutes. Darwin, Tennyson, Browning, Carlyle and Newman were some of the famous people whose portrait pictures she created this way. Julia was never a professional photographer, but won many competitions with her inventive techniques. She retired to Ceylon in 1875.