REINIGER, Lotte, German film-animation pioneer, 1899-1981. From 1919 she developed animation techniques using card, tin and paper figures in silhouette. In 1926 she created the first full-length animated film (with her husband Carl Koch), it was called ‘Adventures of Prince Achmed’. From 1936-39 they worked together on ‘Tochter’, which had musical accompaniment arranged by Benjamin Britten. After many years working in Europe, they worked together again in the UK from 1950 until he died in 1963. After 1970 Lotte abandoned her retirement and began work on a series of animated folk-tales. The most famous of these were ‘Aucassin and Nicolette’ and ‘The Rose and the Ring’.
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