SANGER, Margaret Louise, née Higgins, American physician, 1883-1966. The first birth-control advisory clinic in the USA was opened by her in 1916. Police closed it because descriptions of ‘contraconception’ methods were deemed to be contrary to the anti-obscenity laws. Margaret was jailed for 1 month on a public nuisance charge. She coined the term birth-control. The founder of the American Birth-Control League in 1921. Margaret wrote several books, the most well known being ‘What Every Mother Should Know’, in 1917. In 1953 she founded the International Planned Parenthood Federation.
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